1 Be polite and cooperative when you get pulled over. Being belligerent or indignant may make you feel better but it might cost you more. By being polite and cooperative, the officer may just write your ticket for a less costly offense instead of what was actually committed and with luck, you might just get a warning! On the other hand, if you are nasty or curt, the officer may note this and the prosecutors will be less likely to cut you a deal if you fight the traffic ticket in court.
2 Avoid admissions of guilt and never make excuses or create outlandish stories.
- When you are asked if you know why you were pulled over, just respond with a simple and polite, “No officer, I do not.”
- Keep in mind that honesty is the best policy especially when you prefer to get off with merely a warning.
- On the other hand, if you do get you the ticket, and decide to contest it, remember that any admissions you make now, can be used against you later.
3 Follow one of the two theories on how you question the officer.
- Adopt the ‘low-profile’ technique. Ask the officer if you can handle the ticket by mail. The officer will immediately see you as a low probability to go to court and may take fewer notes. When you do challenge the ticket, the officer’s sparse notes will make him want to skip the hearing. Even if he does come to the hearing, his sparse notes and memory will help the judge decide in your favor. Questioning the officer on the other hand will cause him to write voluminous notes on the traffic stop.
- Alternatively, question the officer more directly, as you are handed the ticket, about how the offense was detected and verified. For a speeding ticket, find out where they positioned themselves when they clocked you and what speed measurement device they used and if it was radar, laser, or Accutrac. Gather as many specifics as possible, including the serial number of the device. If, however the officer estimated your speed by following you, then find out what the location was when he began to follow you. Make sure you write down the patrol car’s license plate number and his badge number. If the citation was for an offense other than speeding, make sure you understand exactly why they pulled you over, especially if the citation was for something that could not have been easily seen. Do note that the officer does not have to give this information related to the device used at the time of stop. You can request this information by filing a motion of Discovery, and then you will get that information.
4 Check your ticket for accuracy by reviewing it immediately upon receipt. There are two considerations here:
- If there are inaccuracies that may hurt your case (i.e. if the officer notes on the ticket that you crossed two lanes of traffic when you only crossed one, or if he says traffic was heavy when in fact it was light), ask him immediately to correct them. Be very polite when requesting changes to your ticket. However if you find that the officer is not accommodating, do not argue but record the actual circumstances in your mind, and after he leaves, jot it down. This is important when trying to fight your ticket.
- On the other hand, if there are inaccuracies that may help your case or get the ticket dismissed, such as the wrong license plate number, the wrong street, etc., you do not want to call attention to them.
5 Begin preparing your defense immediately, once the police officer has given you your ticket and left the scene.
- Record relevant event details. Factors can include traffic, road conditions, weather, time of day, and extenuating circumstances.
- If you have a camera or cell phone camera take pictures – especially if your defense depends on something like an obscured speed limit sign or a huge pothole that you had to swerve to miss.
- The best witness you could ever have is a dash-cam recorder. It records video in front, to the sides and rear of your car. It also records audio in your car’s interior, speed, location and other driving info. It can show: red light, full stop, traffic flow, etc.
- Go to the officer’s original position (whether stationary or moving) and check for any obstructions that might have caused them to have a poor view of the alleged offense or that might have caused the radar to malfunction.
- Make a diagram of the road showing where the officer was positioned, which direction you were traveling, where you eventually stopped, and other important details.
6 Read the fine print on the ticket after you get home, as there is useful information on there that might help you. This will help you el paso fight a traffic ticket. Make sure you understand all of it, as it will give you instructions on how to proceed to the next step.
7 Decide whether to fight the ticket by the circumstances involved, and the information on the ticket. Weigh the costs and benefits of contesting the citation.
- Find out exactly what offense you are charged with by looking at the code number on the ticket.
- Find out what the cost of conviction will be, including the fine, jail or community service, mandatory diversion programs, and increased insurance rates.
8 Calculate the cost of fighting the ticket and weigh it against the chances of getting it dismissed or reduced to a lower charge.
9 Decide whether you will need a lawyer.
- Find out whether or not the jurisdiction where you received the ticket or were involved in an accident will allow you to have a lawyer for a hearing on a traffic ticket that cannot lead to a criminal conviction for either driver (criminal convictions are for DUI, felony hit and run, etc.) This information will be on the ticket.
- If you plan a civil suit against the other driver in an accident, your attorney can come to court to observe the hearing on the ticket, but may not be involved in the hearing.
- For most minor violations, your ticket will also give you the option to pay the fine.
- In almost all jurisdictions, paying the fine is an admission of guilt, so do not remit payment. Instead, follow the required steps to get your day in court.
11 Get as much information as you can.
- Well before your court date, send a written request for discovery.
- Discovery is the legal notion that you are entitled to see all the evidence against you and other relevant information that the prosecutor may have that can help or hurt your case. The prosecutor’s office must provide this information if you request it.
- In some jurisdictions, you may need to file a motion for discovery for the judge to consider. In addition, you may be able to file a public records request for relevant information.
- Some things you’ll want to specifically request (and you generally must make specific requests) include the officer’s copy of the ticket, maintenance and calibration records for any speed monitoring or breathalyzer device that was used by the officer to charge you, and the officer’s training records and certifications.
- The exact nature of your case and your plan of defense will dictate the exact information you need to get.
12 Try to cut a deal.
- In many places, you can request a pretrial conference with the prosecutor. This is an opportunity to plead to a lower charge or get a reduction in points or fines before you go to court. Again this will help you El paso fight a traffic ticket.
- Sometimes you can make an appointment for sometime before the court date, while sometimes you can only meet with the prosecutor right before your hearing.
- Always consider any deal thoroughly, and make sure you understand the implications on both your driving history and your insurance costs.
13 Consider traffic school. Many jurisdictions offer an option to attend traffic school. In return, there are opportunities to reduce or dismiss the charges. Explore this option by researching the law in your state. If you find that traffic school is a good option, request it from the prosecutor or judge. In California commercial drivers may not take traffic school.
14 Request a continuation of your hearing to help el paso fight a traffic ticket
- In most jurisdictions, the police officer who gave you the ticket must show up for the court hearing.
- If he or she fails to show, your case will be dismissed. Many times officers will schedule many court hearings on a certain day so that they can appear for all of them at once.
- If you request a continuation (a change of date) you increase the odds that the officer will not show up.
- You usually need to do this in writing, and typically you will need to make your request several days in advance of the scheduled hearing.
- You might see about choosing a court date that is closer to the holidays – this might increase the odds of your officer being out on vacation.
15 Plan your defense.
- The officer is responsible for Prima Fascia (Prime Facts) for presenting evidence. Facts or points (Id’ing operator, not losing a visual, time of day, traffic lights operational, traffic signs visible, etc) are required. If he fails to mention these Prima Fascia points the summons may be dismissed, but only if you catch the missing point. When dealing with an inexperienced officer, a defense attorney is invaluable. Outside of that, your argument is moot.
- Once you have decided to go to court, make sure you know how you will argue your case.
- If there is a particularly egregious error on your ticket, you may be able to rest your defense on that, but minor discrepancies (such as the color of your car) will not help you out.
- If your defense is based upon extenuating circumstances, make sure they are sufficient to warrant a dismissal. For example, “I was running late to work,” will not impress the judge.
- Make an outline of your points, and make sure your evidence is well-organized.
16 Go to court and plead not guilty. Show up to your hearing looking clean and professional.
- f you have not yet had the opportunity to speak to the prosecutor, now is a good time to do so. Unless there is an offer for a satisfactory deal, plead “not guilty.” A plea of “no contest” or “guilty with explanation” will do you no good.
- Remember, just showing up to court may result in a dismissal if the police officer doesn’t also show up.
- In Texas and perhaps in other places, if the officer does show up, change your plea to “no contest”; in most cases you will only pay court costs, with no points on your license and no traffic school necessary. There are many law firms in the area that will handle this for you for a reasonable fee, saving you the time and lost wages of going to court.
17 Use facts to present your case to the judge without admitting guilt.
- “I was only doing 57 in a 55” is an admission of guilt. “I was traveling at a safe speed for the conditions” does not admit guilt.
- Politely and clearly explain your defense, entering evidence as necessary.
- In some cases (for example, a malfunctioning stoplight or an obscured speed limit sign) you may be able to admit guilt without harming your case.
- Many conservative municipalities, however, maintain a master copy of all traffic laws, speed limits, and zone descriptions in a set of books at a courthouse or town hall. Sometimes these municipalities will not take your (legitimate) ignorance of the law as an excuse.
18 Make mental or handwritten notes of the decisions of the judge. Many courtrooms do not record conversations for traffic proceedings where criminal penalties are not reasonable. There can be ambiguity in how the judge declares your guilt or innocence and any penalties you might face. Make sure the Clerk or Collections department has information that matched what the judge decided.
19 Follow through with all the court’s requirements. Many times the judge will allow you to pay a fine without incurring the points on your license, or he or she will allow you to enter a diversion program. These arrangements and others can only benefit you if you follow through and complete the requirements in a timely manner. If you don’t, you will most likely be convicted of your original offense, and other charges may follow.
20 Request a copy of your motor vehicle record (MVR) from the state department of motor vehicles. Occasionally, clerical errors result in a dismissed ticket appearing on your MVR as a conviction. These can be difficult to clear up quickly (for example, when your insurer notices and raises your premiums), so it is best to make sure your record is accurate. Telephone the court building and ask to speak to the Clerk’s Office, or speak to someone who can verify that your case is paid, dismissed, postponed, etc.